Electric vehicles (EVs) are becoming more and more popular. These types of cars differ from the conventional internal combustion engine vehicles (ICEVs) in the way they generate energy to move. Conventional vehicles burn petrol or diesel, and when this happens, it sets the engine in rotating motion. This enables the movement of the car. In contrast, electric vehicles do not burn fuel – they obtain power from batteries to run a controller that allows the movement of the car.
The main advantage of battery electric cars is that they are zero-emission at point-of-use. BEVs therefore provide local environmental benefits including cleaner air and reduced noise in urban areas.